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Cantonese character of the day

  • 07-09-2003 8:20pm
    #1
    Registered Users Posts: 3,165 DEmeant0r


    I will post a word everyday in chinese, the jyutpin and the meaning. You will need the Big5 font to view this. The font should be in your windows installation disc.

    Today's(8/9/03) word:



    jyupin: san4
    [1] [n] spirit; god; supernatural being; deity; immortal [2] soul; mind; spirit [3] appearance; looks; expressions; air [4] supernatural; marvelous; wondrous; miraculous; mysterious; mystical [5] smart; clever
    Stroke count: 10



«13

Comments

  • Registered Users Posts: 3,165 DEmeant0r




    saang1 sang1
    [1] [v] live; life; living; lifetime; livelihood; alive [2] [v] be born; come into being; come into existence; birth [3] [v] breed; bear; produce; beget; create; give rise to; cause [4] uncooked; raw; unripe; crude [5] unfamiliar; strange; unknown [6] save; untamed; barbarian; uncultured [7] [n] pupil; student [8] the male character type in a Chinese opera [9] creatures [10] a Chinese family name [11] Kangxi radical 100
    Stroke count: 5



  • Closed Accounts Posts: 3,299 oeNeo


    Tomorrows word should be 'HAI', which means 'YES' or 'OK'.


  • Registered Users Posts: 3,165 DEmeant0r


    Yeah sure, I'll prepare it for tomorrow.


  • Registered Users Posts: 3,165 DEmeant0r


    OK, I've prepared 'yes' like neo asked. The first is the one used in writing, but the second is used in speech.



    jyutpin: Si
    Definition: indeed, yes, right; to be; demonstrative pronoun, this, that



    This one is used in speech:



    jyutpin: Hai
    Definition: yes, yes it is.



  • Registered Users Posts: 153 ✭✭ crowbar


    i thought 'si' is the one normally used in speech in putonghua, and that 'hai' is a dodgy cantonese thing?


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  • Closed Accounts Posts: 336 ✭✭ Zion


    ahem...crowbar, just wondering what do you mean by "dodgy cantonese thing"?


  • Registered Users Posts: 153 ✭✭ crowbar


    from what i have seen, spoken mandarin is much closer to written chinese than spoken cantonese is. spoken cantonese seems to use many more words that are only used in spoken cantonese, and not in written chinese. is one allowed to write 'hai' in formal written chinese?

    for example, i don't remember reading or hearing 'dix xie' or 'bar xie' being used last time i was in the mainland, but it's commonplace in hk. (can't for the life of me remember what it was instead.) times, however, may have changed, and spoken mandarin may well have absorbed said englishisms into the language.

    and come on, cantonese speakers are a dodgy lot ... just look at the things they get up to in their soaps! :D


  • Closed Accounts Posts: 64 ✭✭✭ ezpzie


    hi;

    Crowbar, you're correct there is far more slang in Cantonese than mandarin, for example: ba xie is bus in cantonese slang but written is is siu ba (translating to small transport I think..)

    As for hai, you never write is down, we write dui (as in you are correct, and si when we mean what).
    Isn't hai a handy word??


  • Closed Accounts Posts: 336 ✭✭ Zion


    All the words mentioned there e.g. 'dix xie', 'bar xie', 'hai' etc. can be written in Chinese. It's only not as formal.

    One really interested me is 'dui'...hope it's not the curse word I've heard in my entire life.


  • Registered Users Posts: 3,165 DEmeant0r


    I think diu is a curse word, heard people say it when they got angry.


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  • Registered Users Posts: 3,165 DEmeant0r


    Anyways, today's word of the day is:



    syut3
    [1] snow [2] [v] wipe away; wash away; clean
    Stroke count: 11



  • Registered Users Posts: 3,165 DEmeant0r




    sau6
    [v] receive; accept; get; [2] [v] take; bear; stand; suffer; tolerate; endure [3] [v] be pleasant to (the ears, etc) [4] preceding a verb to form a passive voice
    Stroke count: 8



  • Registered Users Posts: 3,165 DEmeant0r




    laat6
    [1] peppery; pungent; hot; piquant [2] [v] burn; bite (smell, taste) [3] [Wu] be
    Stroke count: 14



  • Registered Users Posts: 3,165 DEmeant0r




    muk6
    [1] [n] eye [2] [v] look; regard; see [3] [n] table of contents; category
    Stroke count: 5



  • Registered Users Posts: 3,165 DEmeant0r




    sei3
    [1] four; fourth [2] all around
    Stroke count: 5



  • Registered Users Posts: 3,165 DEmeant0r




    mou5
    [1] one's mother; one's female parent [2] [n] mother (figuratively); origin
    Stroke count: 5



  • Registered Users Posts: 3,165 DEmeant0r




    mou4
    [1] negative; no; not; none [2] without; destitute of; wanting; [v] lack; have not [3] no matter what (or how); not yet [4] a Chinese family name
    Stroke count: 12



  • Registered Users Posts: 3,165 DEmeant0r




    si1
    n. lion
    Stroke count: 13



  • Registered Users Posts: 3,165 DEmeant0r




    can1 can3
    [1] relatives [2] parents [3] [v] love; intimate; near to; dear [4] personally; personal; person; self [5] [v] kiss
    Stroke count: 16



  • Registered Users Posts: 3,165 DEmeant0r




    hoeng2
    [1] [v] enjoy; receive (peace, happiness, long life, good health) [2] [v] offer; enjoy or taste of the sacrifices (gods, spirits) [3] [v] entertain
    Stroke count: 8



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  • Registered Users Posts: 3,165 DEmeant0r




    huk1
    [v] weep; cry; wail; sob
    Stroke count: 10



    Posted in Simplified chinese, so to view this one change to Simplified encoding.


  • Registered Users Posts: 3,165 DEmeant0r




    ma5
    [1] [n] horse [2] a Chinese family name [3] Kangxi radical 187
    Stroke count: 10



  • Registered Users Posts: 3,165 DEmeant0r


    Âd

    gwai6
    [1] [n] cupboard; wardrobe; cabinet [2] [n] shop counter
    Stroke count: 18

    Âd


  • Registered Users Posts: 3,165 DEmeant0r


    ®v

    si1
    [1] [n] teacher; master; tutor [2] [n] specialist (especially of medicine; painting, music, divining, etc.) [3] [n] division in the Chinese army; [4] [n] army [5] [n] model; example [6] [v] teach [7] [v] pattern; model after [8] [n] local administrative chief [9] a surname
    Stroke count: 10

    ®v


  • Registered Users Posts: 3,165 DEmeant0r


    ±i

    zoeng1 zoeng3
    [1] [v] open; stretch; extend [2] [v] display [3] [n] sheet (of paper); leaf (of a book) [4] a Chinese family name [5] [Hakka] [v] trap animals; catch animals
    Stroke count: 11

    ±i


  • Registered Users Posts: 3,165 DEmeant0r




    coeng1
    [1] [n] window; skylight [2] a place where one studies
    Stroke count: 12



  • Registered Users Posts: 3,165 DEmeant0r




    gai1
    [n] chicken; hen; cock; domestic fowl
    Stroke count: 18



    This is for the 26th btw, didn't have time to do it...


  • Registered Users Posts: 3,165 DEmeant0r




    gong2
    Cantonese dialectical word: say; speak
    Stroke count: 17



  • Registered Users Posts: 3,165 DEmeant0r




    sik1
    [1] [n] colour; tint; tinge; hue; shade [2] facial expression; look; appearance [3] sensuality; desire for beauty; lust; lewdness; carnal pleasure [4] worldly things [5] a kind; sort [6] Kangxi radical 139
    Stroke count: 6



    This is for the 28th, too lazy to do it last night.


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  • Registered Users Posts: 3,165 DEmeant0r




    muk6
    [1] [n] tree [2] wood; lumber; timber [3] made of wood; wooden [4] simple; honest [5] senseless; benumbed; dull [6] [n] coffin
    Stroke count: 4



    This is for the 29th (today)


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