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Linguistics? eh.. Whats that?

  • #1
    Registered Users Posts: 5,578 ✭✭✭ Scraggs

    I thought I'd start this thread because many people don't know what linguistics & etymology actually involves...

    Linguistics is the scientific study of human language, which includes:

    Phonetics -> the physical nature of speech
    Phonology -> use of sounds in language
    Morphology -> the formation of words
    Syntax -> the structure of sentences
    Semantics -> the meaning of words and how they combine into sentences
    Pragmatics -> the effect of situation on language use

    Branches of linguistics include;

    Theoretical linguistics (how languages work)
    Historical linguistics (how languages got to be the way they are)
    Sociolinguistics (language and the structure of society)
    Psycholinguistics (how language is implemented in the brain)
    Applied linguistics (teaching, translation, etc.)
    Computational linguistics (computer processing of human language)

    Sign language, non-verbal communication and animal communication also form a big part of linguistics.

    Etymology is the study of the origins of words. Through the study of old texts and comparison with other languages, etymologists reconstruct the history of words — when they entered a language, from what source, and how their form and meaning changed.

    I'll add a list of interesting links later when I get the chance.