As noted by Robotham (1999), theorists have suggested that rapid progress (economic and social) has changed society at a speed than does not allow for meaningful theorising of its consequences. This has come at a high cost for the ex-colonies attempting to construct both a society and national identity in the time after gaining independence in the post-colonial era.
Post-colonialism comes in two phases, with the first being in the 1970s where post-colonial theory focussed heavily on the process of decolonisation itself. The arguments of this process focussed on the "class character of the state" in the newly independent nation states. The second phase, however, was different in that theorising developed to become more concerned with epistemological concerns, as opposed to sociological ones.
The problem, as some theorists have stated, was the transplanting of western intellectual traditions onto cultures it bore little relation to. This, they suggest, is the reason behind the difficulties in getting ex-colonies to stand on solid political, national and economic ground. However, Robotham (1999) disagrees, he says this presents the political failures of ex-colonies as being the result of a rejection of rationalism from western intellectual traditions. He believes this can't be true, mainly because there is deep opposition to rationality in western culture itself and therefore it cannot be the bane of the cultures in the developing world, nor can it explain the failures in attempting to build functional states in the post-colonial era.
Robotham, D. (1999). Post-Colonialism and Beyond. (In: Browning, G., Halcli, A., & Webster, F.).Understanding contemporary society: Theories of the present. Sage.