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18-05-2021, 00:03   #1
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Ireland - just as Viking, Anglo-Saxon and Frankish as Celt?

The Normans invaded England in 1066, they were descendants of Viking from Northern France. But the Normans had intermarried with the French for a good 100 years before their conquest of England. They converted to Christianity, learned French customs and spoke French. The Duke of Normandy swore fealty to the French crown.

Normans conquered Ireland in 1169. By that time they, again, had intermarried with the English for a good 100 years before the invasion. There are many English surnames in Ireland (especially around Dublin) - Smith, Wilson, Miller etc.

Some of our main population centers are Dublin, Cork and Limerick.

18-05-2021, 02:24   #2
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Thoughts are that what you're saying is pretty uncontroversial.

Dublin, Cork, Limerick and other towns are Viking settlements, and they are today among our major centres of population, but this doesn't mean that the urban population has predominantly Viking ancestry. The cities got to be major centres of population through substantial inward migration from rural areas where the population was predominantly Gaelic and/or Norman. So while lots of us have some degree of Viking ancestry, it's mostly a fairly modest degree, even in the cities.
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18-05-2021, 06:01   #3
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Originally Posted by IRISHSPORTSGUY View Post

The Normans invaded England in 1066, they were descendants of Viking from Northern France. ........
In the castle in Caen, there is a notice stating that the Vikings came from various Viking centres including Dublin. So the Normans could be seen as returning Dublin Vikings.
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18-05-2021, 10:39   #4
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That map is a 'lordship map' it doesn't reflect the actual ethnic map of the late middle ages/early modern period. The bulk of the population in Norman lordships were either 'Gaelic Irish' or mixed, thence by the 16th century the situation where Irish language was even quite heavily spoken within the 'Pale'.

Leaving that aside here's list of top 20 surnames in Dublin:
  1. Murphy
  2. Ryan
  3. Kelly
  4. Walsh
  5. Byrne
  6. O'Connor
  7. O'Neill
  8. Quinn
  9. O'Brien
  10. Kavanagh
  11. Smith
  12. O'Sullivan
  13. Doyle
  14. O'Reilly
  15. McLoughlin
  16. Doherty
  17. Connolly
  18. Kennedy
  19. Dunne
  20. Moore

Of these 'Walsh' and 'Smith' are obviously of non-Irish language origin. Though in case of Smith most Irish Smith's are probably of Mac Gabhainn origin (via direct angliscation). Moore can also be of english origin, though given that the Irish language name Ó Mordha is a leinster name, it's probable origin of nearly all the Dublin Moore's

Useful book (though expensive)

parts of it can be read here:
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