I have read the nina forcing will stop the MJO going to phase 8- which is apparently the ideal state for a high latitude block to occur
However, M.T Cranium's good friend Joe Bastardi has suggested it will go to phase 8 and as a consequence he envisions a cold outbreak over Europe. A lot of the teleconnection experts dismiss this and they deride Bastardi as a biased cold ramper.
Although, some of the later frames of the GFS output are starting to show the continent going cold. So perhaps Joe Bastardi might be on the right track.
I have no clue on the MJO but here's what I've found regarding it in the next few weeks.
I read somewhere - I think it was from somebody like Joe Bastardi or Michael Ventrice - that La Nina has reached its peak now and it will weaken significantly through February.
SSTs across the board have been trending on the decrease.
The cold SSTs that was down towards Chile and Antarctica seem to have ascended further northwards in the Pacific to form quite a cold blob in the ENSO regions.
Still quite a cold equatorial Pacific.
The ENSO figure for November-December-January was -1.0 which is the third tri-monthly period that the region has successfully reached the La Nina threshold. Two more tri-monthly periods at or below -0.5c and an official La Nina is designated.
The CFSv2 forecasts ENSO to stay in the La Nina threshold right up until the end of the year when there's so much scatter as you'd expect given how far away it is.
It seems the high ridging into the eastern seaboard is evident of La Ninas for the month of February.
Little changes in the equatorial Pacific in the past few days.
A pool of warm water has formed to the east of the equatorial Pacific which will put a damper on the weak La Nina. The latest ENSO 3.4 anomaly is -1.1c below average which shows the Pacific is still within the La Nina signature or threshold. Increasing chances of ENSO neutral forming during Spring 2018 but still quite low at this stage, around 50-60% likely. It seems Dec-Jan-Feb's ENSO 3.4 anomaly will be within the La Nina threshold which means that we need one more tri-monthly period of equatorial Pacific SSTs to be at least -0.5c below average for a weak La Nina to be officially designated. In my opinion, this is a highly likely occurrence.
The most recent El Nino 3.4 weekly anomaly is -0.8 so a weak La Nina signature is still here in the equatorial Pacific.
The warm pool of SSTs that was developing to the east seems to have been significantly weakened now:
Latest El Nino 3.4 anomaly is -0.7 which is within the weak La Nina threshold and I think we can say for certain now that 2017-18 was an official weak La Nina. We only have one week to go and it would take over a +2.0 anomaly to make it not a La Nina approximately, we all know that's impossible to do within over the space of a week. To think how it looked like we were going into an El Nino back in June 2017 was crazy then it completely flipped around in July. This is one of the latest developed ENSO events I've seen on record, even the incredibly weak La Nina of 2016-17 had developed in the Summer season and it ended on the last tri-monthly period (Oct-Nov-Dec) of 2016.
The latest NOAA SST chart on the 22nd March shows the ENSO region still firmly in a weak La Nina setup with the warm pool of SSTs that had been developing over to the eastern side of the equatorial Pacific in February continues to be an absence since the last update I gave here in the thread above.
However, if we look at the subsurface temperature anomalies, we can see quite an extensive and extreme warm pool developing just over to the western side of the equatorial Pacific. But if you look at the sea surface temperature anomaly chart above, that's where the coldest temperature anomalies are tending to be, they're like opposites of each other here. Usually, it takes a few weeks for the subsurface temperature anomalies to have an impact on the sea surface temperature anomalies so we should be seeing some warming of the equatorial Pacific soon.
Just remember one thng though that we're in the Spring unpredictability barrier which means it is literally impossible to say where ENSO will go in 2018-19. As we've seen from 2017, this barrier can sometimes carry on into the Summer too.
Just for what it's worth, here's what the CFSv2 is showing though it's only just predicting this given the current situation in the equatorial Pacific. If you cast your mind back to this time last year, many of its ensemble members were going towards a strong or perhaps even very strong El Nino. The model sees us gradually going towards ENSO neutral in Autumn 2018.
Unexpectedly, some fresh new cool SSTs have developed to the eastern part of the equatorial Pacific here on the latest chart from NOAA. SOI is continuing to be positive (i.e. reflecting La Nina) so still no change here and we'll see the ENSO figure for Jan-Feb-Mar either tomorrow, Tuesday or Wednesday. This figure will officially designate the weak La Nina of 2017-18.
Models are showing ENSO neutral but with these new cool SST anomalies and the Spring unpredictability barrier, it's impossible to say where we will go for 2018/19.
The Jan-Feb-Mar ENSO figure is now in and NOAA has officially designated the weak La Nina for 2017/18. I'd like to note the similarities to 1995/96 which also had a weak La Nina, a mild January, a cold February, a delayed Spring including a cold and wet March and the coldest May on record. Not to mention, 1995/96 was part of the Winter 2017/18 analogues! Very intriguing, I will discuss this more in the Summer thread since this is the ENSO thread.
Should I continue using this thread for ENSO 2018/19 or make a new one?