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Lesson 1 Hello
1. 你(nǐ 好(hǎo) 。
2. 你(nǐ 好(hǎo) 吗(mɑ ？
How are you?
3. 早(zǎo) 上(shànɡ 好(hǎo) 。
4. 下(xià 午(wǔ 好(hǎo) 。
5. 晚(wǎn) 上(shànɡ 好(hǎo) 。
In Chinese there are several different ways to say hello.
The most popular expression is 你好。
It means ‘hi’ or ‘hello’ and can be used at any time, on any occasion and by anybody.
It can be used on either a stranger or a person you’ve already known.
When somebody says 你好 to you, what should you reply?
Right, your reply should be same - 你好.
你 means ‘you’.
好 means ‘good’.
Together ‘you- good’: 你好。
The pronunciation of 你 is similar to that of the English word ‘knee’, and 好 similar to ‘how’.
But the tone is totally different.
That’s because Chinese is a tonal language.
It has four basic tones.
你好 means ‘Hi, hello’.
Actually ‘Hi’ is also used in Chinese to make a greeting.
So when you forget how to say hello in Chinese, it still works if you say 嗨.
The reply can be same.
嗨 can be used on anybody, at any time, like 你好.
And both of them are very causal expressions.
So when greeting someone older, or, in a formal manner, we usually say 'nin hao'.
nin is the polite form of 你。
Of course, after you say 'nin hao', you won’t expect the same words as a reply. Actually the reply can be 你好, or simply a nod.
If you want to greet somebody you have already known, you can also say 你好吗？
Remember, like the English expression ‘How are you?’, it’s only used on acquaintances.
你好吗？How are you?
It’s 你好 plus 吗.
Like a question mark, 吗 is a sign of a question in Chinese.
In a reply to '你好吗?', we usually say '我很好'. I’m very well.
我 is I, 很 means ‘very’, and 好 is ‘good’, remember?
So word for word, 我很好 means ‘I – very good.’
*********** Key words reminder:
Hi, 你好, is the most popular greeting that can be used at any time, on any occasion and by anybody.
您好, also means hello.
It’s a more polite expression you can use when meeting someone older.
你好吗？is what you can use on somebody you have already known.
In fact there are in China some special ways to say hello, which may confuse the foreigners if they don’t know the local culture.
For instance, ‘你吃了吗’ - ‘have you eaten’ .
You'll hear this very very often in Beijing.
But never be serious to answer ‘Yes, I’ve eaten blah blah blah at my dinner.’
In fact, ‘你吃了吗’ – Have you eaten? - is simply a casual greeting like 你好.
It’s like we Canadians always talk about weather in our daily greetings.
But this doesn’t mean we’re all meteorologists. Got it?
Lesson 2 Let me introduce
1. 我(wǒ 来(lái) 介(jiè 绍(shào) 一(yí 下(xià 儿(ér) 。
Let me introduce.
2．这(zhè 是(shì ……
3．认(rèn) 识(shí 你(nǐ ，很(hěn) 高(ɡāo) 兴(xìnɡ 。
Glad to meet you.
4．认(rèn) 识(shí 你(nǐ ，我(wǒ 也(yě 很(hěn) 高(ɡāo) 兴(xìnɡ 。
Glad to meet you, too.
5．幸(xìnɡ 会(huì 。
I am lucky to meet you..
After you’ve greeted someone, you are supposed to introduce yourself, or introduce your friends.
This is done in English too, right?
Introductions happen between two people who meet for the first time.
It can also happen among three happen or more.
In this case, the person will introduce his or her friends as well.
Let’s first learn how to introduce yourself.
你好(nǐ hǎo)，我叫(wǒ jiào)yuanbao，是加拿大人(shì Jiānádà rén)。
First you can say your name, and then your nationality.
wǒ shì niuniu.
wǒ , I.
wǒ is the same as “wǒ hěn hǎo” – I’m very good, that we learned last time.
wǒ is in the third tone. Wǒ.
是(shì is equal to the meaning of “be” in English, but there is no change of time.
You can just use it.
There is no need to consider the time change or the form of the subject, no matter the single or plural, or the first person or the second person.
We can say “你是中国人吗” (nǐ shì zhōngguó rén ma)?