Kilmainham Jail wasnt always remembered for its 1916 connection. In 1821 two young women were publically hanged for murder.
Here is a gory account
I ncame accross another reference in a rare book catalogue. This gives the motive of the murder of Mrs Hamilton by Ennis & Butterly as revenge suggesting Hamilton had replaced Butterly in Captain Pecks affections and given birth to his son.
another sourse has their bodies being sent for dissection
A stray dog who wondered onto the place of execution was killed by soldiers
A warning to young women who are ahem shown kindness
Another broadside on a Limerick execution of Henry Stokes and Patrick Sheehan in the aftermath of 1798
The Irish Free State was almost blase about executions in the early years of Independence (political stuff is covered elsewhere).
The case that always comes to mind for me is Peter Pringle who was the last man to be sentenced to death in Europe.
Ireland hadnt hanged anyone since the 1950's when Michael Manning of Limerick was executed in Easter week 1954 for killing a nun.
Civilian executions were carried out for over 30 years following independence and this was one of the first
I dont agree with Grundy here as taking a weapon itself to an armed robbery is premeditation.
While browsing the internet I came accross a list of Irish Women Hanged -mostly for husband killing and with a partner.
This is the list of women executed in this Country between the years of 1800 and 1923. I canâ€™t do tabs and it reads Date of Execution, Name, Location, Crime.
One that stands out is the fantasticly named Lucinda Sly who with her servant John Dempsey killed her husband Walter. Her ghost is said to haunt Carlow shopping Center.
Public hangings were spectacles and entertainment of a sort.
Some accounts of Lucina Sly's story say that her husband was a brute of a man. It was her second marriage and her son was a policeman and before all this happened she even discussed the beatings with her clergyman.
But then he was on fairly good terms with her son -a policeman so one wonders what really went on
So on to the trial
Dempsey was late 20's or 30 and she was aged betwen 54 and 60 and whether they were lovers or not it appears he was blackmailing her.
The execution and news reports
What really happened from their confessions
A full account of the trial is given here and it is well worth a read.
It is worth noting that Walter Sly used to threaten his wife that if he died she would inherit nothing but his will gave her all except £10 to a nephew
So it seems that it was a combination of things that brought it about.
Carlow had a big population of Quakers at the time and some served on the jury - I get the feeling that there was some compassion for her but I would like to know more about her as a person.
They seem like an odd couple and in an area like Carlow were unable to get a female servant.
Back to Ireland after Independence.
After the execution of Mary Daly and her lover in 1903 all 6 women sentenced to death between then and independence had their sentences commuted to life imprisonment.
The last Irish woman to be hanged was Annie Walsh on August 5, 1925, for killing her husband. She was executed with Michael Talbot for the murder.
Just to get back to some gender balance here- you also had some fairly awful crimes for which the death penalty was handed down.
Murder in Navan
Pregnant wife poisoned
Accussed of cheating at cards led to murder
There was a video about Michael Manning on TG4 though I don't see it now
There are several old crime stories here
As always, TG4 do a great job here
Noel & Marie Murray were sentenced to death and as it is said they were getting clemency whether they wanted it or not.
They were anarchists and killed an off duty garda
Here is an excerpt from an anarchist book on-line and of course very little mention is given to the victim here.
They do - do you have any more .
Here is an interesting Dublin Historical Society piece from the lorist Patrick Byrne which includes miscellany on executions by John Toler - Lord Norbury who sentenced Emmet to death also was a working hanging judge who was cursed by the widow of one of his statistics.
Prisons and ghost stories go together.
Queens County Murder from the files of the Leinster Express
Ballina, Mayo, Ireland
Wednesday, Oct 10, 1849
TOLERTON, SUNDAY EVENING-
"I have just attended an inquest in case of murder, compared to which in atrocity that of the Mannings sinks into the shade. It is not usual to have to record such darkly demonaic traits in the Irish character as that unfolded at this inquest, especially among the female portion of our peasant class, whose demeanour for modesty and womanly reserve has elicited warm eulogium from writers of every class and every country. The murdered in the present instance was husband, the murderess wife. She has not only been pronounced guilty by a coroner's jury, but has fully confessed her participation in the terrible tragedy.”
In order to give the foul transaction in the smallest space, I condense the evidence.
The Peasant and the Peasant Girl
A Letter from America or was it ?
An Inspector Calls
Wife, Mother, Sister & Brother in Law Arrested
Mother and Daughter Commited for Trial
The Case, Defence & Verdict
Something that has always confused me has been about the death penalty at Brehon law.
But it did and there were procedures where a person could be lawfully killed.
Here is something I have come accross.
How the death penalty was practiced
Modes of Punishment.—There was no such thing as a sentence of death passed by a brehon in a court of law, no matter what the crime was: it was always compensation; and the brehon's business was to determine the amount. Capital punishment was known well enough, however, and practised, outside the courts of law. Kings claimed the right to put persons to death for certain crimes. Thus we are told, in the Tripartite Life of St. Patrick, that neither gold nor silver would bo accepted from him who lighted a fire before the lighting of the festival fire of Tara, but he should be put to death; and the death-penalty was inflicted on anyone who, at a fair-meeting, killed another or raised a serious quarrel. We have seen that if for any cause homicide was not atoned for by eric, then the criminal's life was forfeit.
Methods of execution /punishment under Brehon law
I just wonder if there are written sources with examples of these.
Behon Ireland was not such a hippy loved up place as some like to portray.
As a kid I was told there was a place of execution and a burial site around Ely Place (turn right off Merrion Row heading for Baggot Street) bit I've never been able to trace it.
There's any number of candidates for a Gallows Hill (which I've never heard of in the locality) as the land and the canal locks follow the drops, dips and slopes from Dolphin's Barn all the way down to the Grand Canal Basin.
Travelling from St. Stephen's Green via Merrion Rom and Lower Baggot Street to Baggot Street Bridge there's a gradual rise until you dip down sharply into Upper Baggot Street and on down into Pembroke Road, so more potential candidates that way.
Another bit of information which seems to further evidence foe the location of the gallows hil / mount - "The name of Mount Street is thought to have been derived from a mound which once stood at the corner of Fitzwilliam and Baggot Street, where a gallows was erected for the execution of criminals. The name Baggot comes from the medieval Manor of Baggotrath, owned by the Bagods" - http://www.peppercanister.ie/history/
Ely Place? You know the Danes when they first came here in the 8th and 9th centuries, erected a gallows east of Stephen's Green so it could have been around there.
I think you're right about the Hugeonot cemetary being the candidate for Kelly's resting place.
And that reference from Pepper Cannister history would be spot on for the location of the Gallows, because I compared Rocque's map of 1759 with a modern map of Dublin and the gallows would have been around the Baggot Street and Fitzwilliam Street crossroads. Some people say it was around Lad Lane but I think that's a bit off the mark.
There was also a hanging tree in Stephen's Green of all places. Imagine going there for a public execution and then feeding the ducks and grabbing a coffee afterwards? Ah yes, all in a Sunday's afternoon ramble in order to get away from the grim reality of life ;o)
The year was 1798, the crime murder of Captain Swayne, a young man named walsh was executed and later eaten -with -see here page 438
Here is an article from 1879 New York Times describing Irish Public Executions that the writer had witnessed in his youth.
The writer told his audience that they had become squeamish and told his readers how a condemned mans legs were smashed on a bothched first attempt so they hauled him back up on the gallows , sat him on a chair , and hanged him again.
EXECUTIONS IN IRELAND; HOW THEY WERE MANAGED IN THE PAST. PRESENT IMPROVEMENTS IN THE LAWFUL MODE OF TAKING MEN'S LIVES A NUMBER OF RECENT MURDERS OTHER TOPICS OF CURRENT INTEREST.
[ DISPLAYING ABSTRACT ]
DUBLIN, Aug. 30. As death by the hands of the common hangman becomes a less common occurrence among us, we are growing more and more squeamish as to the manner in which criminals are hurried into eternity according to law. Time was, and not so very long ago...
Full Article Here
Read about the execution of an army pensioner in 1868 for murdering a prostitute where the story went around that an amateur hangman (a doctor) tested a small rope which decapitated the prisoner.