Why should the ECB have such autonomy to achive its inflation target?
- Independence from political pressure is seen as essential in achieving low inflation.
- Two dimensions to this argument:
- The record. The greater CB independence, the better the inflation record.
- Politicians are (time) inconsistent in their commitment to curbing inflation. Sooner or later (but especially at election time), they will opt for lower unemployment (biased against inflation).
Does this mean all three are the correct reasons or only the fisrt one and the second and third are reasons against it?